India: Teak logs prices at latest auctions

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Auctions at the Tapti depots of Raj Pipla, Vyara etc. held from 20th to 25th October 2013 were successful and prices were firm. Approximately 6000 cu.m of logs were offered for sale at the recent auction.

Teak logs sales

Average prices recorded at the most recent auction are as follows:

Teak logs Per cubic foot
A quality for ship building Rs.3300 - 3400
B quality for ship building Rs.3100 - 3200
A for sawing Rs. 2900-3000
B or sawing Rs. 2700-2800
A Long length logs Rs. 2500-2600
B Long length logs Rs. 2400-2500
Long length, Medium Quality Rs. 2100-2200
Short Length, Medium Quality Rs.1800-1900
Short Length, Average Quality Rs. 1500 plus

                                                                                                                                          Bidding at the auction was brisk for fresh teak logs of desirable specifications. Unfortunately, for some medium quality lots bids failed to achieve the reserved price and went unsold.

Good quality non-teak hardwood logs, such as Haldu (Adina cordifolia), Laurel (Terminalia tomentosa), kalam (Mitragyna parviflora) and Indian Kino (Pterocarpus marsupium) having lengths of 3 to 4 metres and girths of 91cms and up fetched prices in the range of Rs.800-900 per c.ft while medium quality logs traded at around Rs600-700 per c.ft.

Now that the Diwali and Indian New year holidays are over, auctions will continue.

Imported plantation teak prices reflect wide variations in quality

Plantation teak shipments continue to arrive irrespective of exchange rate fluctuations as India needs to import all types of wood including teak. Because of changed specifications and the willingness of importers to accept logs with smaller girths, prices have declined.

On the other hand some exporters have been shipping higher quality logs so, for these shipments, prices have improved. Current C & F prices for imported plantation teak, Indian ports per cubic metre are shown below. In the period reviewed Brazilian plantation teak logs arrived in India at prices ranging from US$ 350-750 per cubic metre.

  US$ per m3
Tanzania Teak sawn 350-700
Côte d'Ivoire logs 450-750
PNG logs 400-575
El-salvador logs 350-650
Guatemala logs 350-550
Nigeria squares 300-450
Ghana logs 275-650
Guyana logs 300-450
Benin logs 250-650
Benin sawn 430-800
Brazil squares 360-680
Colombia logs 350-750
Togo logs 350-715
Ecuador squares 290-540
Costa Rica logs 350-700
Panama logs 260-550
Sudan logs 450-700
Congo logs 450-550
Kenya logs 390-600
Thailand logs 500-700
Trinidad and Tobago logs 400-680
Uganda logs 440-760
Uganda teak sawn 680-800
Laos logs 320-450
Malaysian Teak logs 140-450
Nicaragua Teak logs 430-535
Liberia Teak Logs 350-460

Variations are based on quality, length and average girth of logs

Domestic ex-sawmill prices for air dried sawnwood cut from imported logs

Prices for air dry sawnwood per cubic Foot, ex-sawmill are shown below.

Sawnwood, (Ex-mill) (AD) Rs. per ft3
Merbau
1500-1650
Balau
1500-1650
Kapur
1200-1250
Kempas
1100-1200
Red Meranti
850-950
Radiata Pine (AD)
550-650
White wood
600-650

                                                                                                                                       Domestic prices for Myanmar teak processed in India

Sawnwood (Ex-mill) Rs. per ft3
Myanmar Teak (AD)  
Export Grade F.E.Q.
6000-14000
Plantation Teak A grade
5000-5500
Plantation Teak B grade
4000-4250
Plantation Teak FAS grade
3250-3500

Price variations depend mainly on length and cross section

Prices for imported sawnwood

The recent slowing in the Indian economy and the weak housing market is holding down imported sawnwood. Ex-warehouse prices for imported kiln dry (12% mc.) sawnwood per cu.ft are shown below.

Sawnwood, (Ex-warehouse) (KD) Rs per ft3
Beech 1300-1350
Sycamore 1300-1400
Red oak 1500-1650
White Oak 1600-1800
American Walnut 2300-2400
Hemlock clear grade 1300-1400
Hemlock AB grade 1100-1200
Western Red Cedar 1600-1650
Douglas Fir 1200-1300

Price variations depend mainly on length and cross section.

Prices for WBP Marine grade plywood from domestic mills

Plywood, Rs per sq.ft
Ex-warehouse. (MR Quality)  
4 mm 35.50
6 mm 47.00
12 mm 74.00
15 mm 98.00
18 mm 103.00

                                                                                                                                       Domestic ex-warehouse prices for locally manufactured MR plywood

Locally Manufactured
Plywood “Commercial
Grade”
Rs per sq.ft
  Rubberwood Hardwood
4mm Rs.18.00 Rs.27.50
6mm Rs.27.50 Rs.34.50
8mm Rs.34.50 Rs.42.00
12mm Rs.41.00 Rs.51.00
15mm Rs.50.40 Rs.62.70
19mm RS.58.00 Rs.70.50
5mm Flexible ply Rs.36.00  
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